Prairie Kingsnake

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Prairie Kingsnake

Scientific Name

  • The scientific name of Prairie Kingsnake is Lampropeltis calligaster.


  • This snake is also commonly known as yellow-bellied kingsnake.
  • The colours of this kingsnake are normally light grey or light purple with dark brown or reddish blotches.
  • 2 oblong behind the head and darker blotches on both sides of the body.
  • Prairie kingsnake has fine and smooth scales.
  • Having V shape head.
  • The snake is active from April to October.
  • And nocturnal during summer season.
  • It is non-aggressive, calm and rarely biting snake hence can be well kept in captivity.
  • As it is non-venomous snake, it helps farmer in curbing rodent pest population and venomous snakes.


  • Located in western Indiana and Texas.
  • Found also near southern of Iowa.


  • Mating happened from April to May every year. 


  • Egg-bearing.
  • They lay 8 to 18 eggs per clutch.
  • Eggs are Laid from June to July.
  • Eggs hatched from August to September.


  • Hatchling: 7 to 9 inches inches long.
  • Adult: Up to 42 inches long.

Life Span

  • They can live up to 15 years or more.

Prairie Kingsnake Food and Feeding

  • They normally eat rodents, mice, birds, bird eggs, snakes, frogs, lizards and reptile eggs.
  • As their name implied, as kingsnake, they eat venomous snake and yet immune to the venom.
  • If you have a Prairie Kingsnake as a pet, you need to provide a bowl of clean water in the enclosure.

Natural Habitat

  • They live in open grassland and field with dry soil at the forest edges.
  • However, sometimes they are found in pastures and sand prairies.
  • That is the main reason they are named as Prairie.
  • Their habitat is always near the source of water.