Leopard Tortoise

Leopard Tortoise

Scientific Name

  • The scientific name of Leopard Tortoise is Geochelone pardalis

Description

  • The Leopard tortoises have beautiful contrasting and spotted yellow and black dorsal plates on their carapaces.
  • Second largest tortoise native to Africa. 
  • In nature, these tortoises do not hibernate.
  • They should be placed indoor with suitable (warm) environment during low temperature season such as winter.
  • CITES listing: Class II (01/07/1975).

Distribution

  • The Leopard tortoises are found in Southern, SouthWestern and Eastern Africa, countries including Sudan, Ethiopia, Zambia, Namibia, Angola, etc.Found in savanna and woodlands.

Breeding

  • During September and October in AfricaNormally all year long.

Nesting

  • From 5 to 30 eggs per clutch.

Size

  • The tortoise can grow up to 24 inches (60cm) long.
  • Weight up to more than 80 lbs (35kgs).

Life Span

  • Up to 50 years.

Diet

  • Leopard tortoises are herbivorous.
  • They prefer a course and high fibre diet such as Opuntia (prickly pear).
  • Their natural food are grasses, weeds, and cactus.
  • Dislike juicy food or fruits are not suitable such as tomato, lettuce.
  • High protein food is not suitable.
  • Commercial tortoise food, with high calcium D3 should be provided daily.

Natural Habitat

  • Their natural habitat is semi-arid, thomy and grassland.
  • Require large space to move around.
  • Dry environment is needed for the tortoises.
  • 28°C to 32°C during daytime, 20°C to 24°C is the most adequate temperature for the tortoise.

Rules about Leopard Tortoise Enclosure

Common Disease

  • These tortoises might suffer repeated flagalatte and gut problems such as colic results from excessive of soft fruits feeding.
  • Meat should not be given to Leopard Tortoise. It would cause poor bone formation, liver problems, excessive growth, etc.