Leopard Tortoise

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Leopard Tortoise

Scientific Name

  • The scientific name of Leopard Tortoise is Geochelone pardalis


  • The Leopard tortoises have beautiful contrasting and spotted yellow and black dorsal plates on their carapaces.
  • In nature, these tortoises do not hibernate.
  • They should be placed indoors in suitable (warm) environments during low-temperature seasons such as winter.
  • CITES listing: Class II (01/07/1975).


  • The Leopard tortoises are found in Southern, SouthWestern, and Eastern Africa, countries including Sudan, Ethiopia, Zambia, Namibia, Angola, etc. Found in savanna and woodlands.


  • During September and October in AfricaNormally all year long.


  • From 5 to 30 eggs per clutch.


  • The tortoise can grow up to 24 inches (60cm) long.
  • Weight up to more than 80 lbs (35 kg).

Life Span

  • Up to 50 years.


  • Leopard tortoises are herbivorous.
  • They prefer a course and high-fiber diet such as Opuntia (prickly pear).
  • Their natural food is grasses, weeds, and cactus.
  • Dislike juicy food or fruits are not suitable such as tomatoes and lettuce.
  • High-protein food is not suitable.
  • Commercial tortoise food with high calcium D3 should be provided daily.


  • Their natural habitat is semi-arid, thorny, and grassland.
  • Require large space to move around.
  • A dry environment is needed for the tortoises.
  • 28°C to 32°C during daytime, 20°C to 24°C is the most adequate temperature for the tortoise.

Common Disease

  • These tortoises might suffer repeated flagellate and gut problems such as colic resulting from excessive soft fruit feeding.
  • Meat should not be given to Leopard Tortoise. It would cause poor bone formation, liver problems, excessive growth, etc.