Indian Star Tortoise

Indian Star Tortoise
Indian Star Tortoise

Scientific Name

  • The scientific name of Indian Star Tortoise is Geochelone elegans

Description

  • Smallest species in geochelone
  • Famous with its star radiating pattern
  • One of the lovely tortoise kept by pet lovers, 30 years ago.
  • It used to be one of the most popular pet tortoises in captive.
  • It is pretty rare now because it is eaten by local people and susceptible to pneumonia and other respiratory diseases.

Distribution

  • India (Central and southern India), Sri Lanka and west into Pakistan

Breeding

  • 2 to 6 eggs per clutch
  • 2 to 3 clutches per year
  • Incubation period is around 50 to 150 days

Nesting

  • During rainy season

Size

  • Male tortoise = about 20cm
  • Female tortoise = about 30cm

Life Span

  • 30 to 35 years

Diet

  • Vegetarian & Herbivorous (plant-eating); grass, succulents, vegetables, fruits and occasionally meat.
  • Primary foods: Grass, Dark Leafy Greens (e.g. dandelions, mustards, collards, turnips, kales)
  • Occasional foods: Pears, Carrots, Apples (with skin), Peaches, Berries, Beans (with skin), Peas (with skin)
  • Never try to feed them: Very Juicy Fruits, tomato, Bananas, Cabbages, Cucumbers, Bok Choy, Broccoli, etc

Habitat

  • Terrestrial; forests, dry savannahs, and dry grassland

Radiated Tortoise

Radiated Tortoise
Radiated Tortoise

Scientific Name

  • The scientific name of Radiated Tortoise is Geochelone radiata.
  • It is also known as Testudo radiata or Asterochelys radiata 

Description

  • Also known as Radiator
  • CITES listing: Class I (01/07/1975)
  • Radiated Tortoise has the following characteristics:
    1. Radiated and hig-domed carapace – lines radiating from the center of the dark shell plate
    2. A blunt head
    3. Elephantine feetAlmost as same as Star Tortoise but larger size and different shell pattern design

Distribution

  • Point of origin is exotic island of Madagascar
  • Can be located at most southern and southwestern part of Madagascar, Mauritius & Reunion

Breeding

  • When male tortoise reaches 31 cm, and female tortoise reaches few cm longer
  • Normally male will fight during breeding season to get its partner

Nesting

  • 3 to 12 spherical brittle-shelled eggs per nest
  • Incubation is from 5 to 8 months
  • Juveniles are between 3 to 4 cm upon hatching

Size

  • Length up to 16 inches (42 cm) or weight up to 35 pounds (16 kgs)

Life Span

  • Up to 50 years

Diet

  • Herbivore
  • Fruits, succulent plants, flowers, and grasses
  • Favourite food is Opuntia cactus
  • Mixture of kale, chicory, and collard greens is also acceptable

Tortoise Habitat and Vivarium Housing

  • These tortoises are found naturally in the most southern and southwestern part of Madagascar
  • Distributed nearby of island of Reunion