African Dwarf Frog

African Dwarf Frog
African Dwarf Frog

Scientific Name

  • The scientific name of African Dwarf Frog is Hymenochirus boettgeri

Description

  • It is also know as dwarf aquatic frog.
  • This frog is highly recommended for beginner frog pet enthusiasts.
  • They are fully aquatic, and occasionally breathing at water surface.

Distribution

  • Central Africa, Nigeria and Cameroon.

Breeding

  • Male frog will perform “calling dance” to attract the female frog when they are ready to mate.
  • If the female frog is ready, frog male will grab her from behind.
  • She will swim to the surface and lay eggs.
  • Male frog will then fertilize them outside the body.

Nesting

  • Eggs are round in shape.
  • After fertilized, one side of the egg is white and one side is brown.

Size

  • Average 1.5 inch

Life Span

  • Average 7 years, up to 15 years max.

African Dwarf Frog Diet and Feeding

  • Small fish meat, worms, larvae, and tiny insects.
  • In captivity, frozen bloodworms, frozen brineshrimp or dried brineshrimp.
  • Feeding is done every 2 to 3 days.

Habitat and Aquarium Setup

  • Clean fresh water, no chlorine (water from tap, and leave it for at least 2 days or use anti-chlorine).
  • If there are other species, such as gold fish are kept in the same tank get affected with decease, immediately remove their dead bodies and clean the tank thoroughly.
  • Recommended 1 frog per 1 gallon aquarium.
  • Ideally pH for the frog range from 7.0 to 7.2.
  • Make sure the temperature is between 74°F to 80°F.

Shedding

  • This frog shed its skin every 2 weeks.

Tomato Frog

Tomato Frog
Tomato Frog

Scientific Name

  • The scientific name of Tomato Frog are Dyscophus antongilli, D. guineti and D. insularis.

Description

  • Tomato frog has orange to red back, a yellowish underside and sometimes have black spots on the throat.
  • The bright colors serve as a warning mechanism. While not toxic, it give off a yucky, sticky white mucus which is irritating to mucous membranes & serve to ward off predators.
  • The frog can inflate body when disturbed.
  • Dyscophus antongilli is endangered in its native country as a result of deforestation and over-collecting for the pet trade.
  • This types of Tomato frogs is protected under CITES Appendix I and are ILLEGAL in trade!
  • Two other species of tomato frogs in Madagascar, D. guineti and D. insularis, neither of which are presently endangered.

Distribution

  • These frogs are found in Madagascar, Africa.
  • It is limited to the northwest part of the island.

Breeding

  • Male frog has bright yellow orange skin while female are reddish orange. 
  • 18 – 32°C temperature.
  • Mid to high humidity is ideal for breeding.

Size

  • Approx. 3 inches (7.5cm) for adult males.
  • Approx. 4 inches (10cm) for adult females

Life Span

  • 5 – 10 years.

Tomato Frog Diet and Feeding

  • Insectivorous (insects-eating); crickets, moths, flies, grasshoppers, etc also worms and fishes.
  • Remove all the remaining insects because they (specially crickets) will disturb the frog at night, resulting in unnecessary stress.
  • All food items should not be larger than 1/3 of the size of its head.

Natural Habitat and Housing

  • Terrestrial; lowlands, swamps and shallow pools.
  • They live well in temperatures from 64°F, and up to 80°F.
  • Container should be large enough but does not need to be high because they do not leap or climb high.
  • A large water bowl should be available all the time.
  • It need a soft substrate to burrow into.
  • If they start to turn an icky brown color, it’s a sign of an unhappy frog.
  • Ideally should have about 6 cm of a damp but not an overly-wet base substrate mixture for the frog to dig into.
  • This substrate can consist of pre-sterilized chopped oak and maple leaves, sphagnum moss & river sand, or you can go for some regular potting soil as long as it doesn’t contain any chemicals.
  • You can put a few large pieces of cork bark or bogwood on top and add a shallow water pan towards one corner.
  • You should mist the vivaria once or twice daily with dechlorinated or stale water to retain moisture in the substrate.

Ornate Horned Frog

Ornate Horned Frog
Ornate Horned Frog

Scientific Name

  • The scientific name of Ornate Horned Frog are Ceratophrys ornata, Ceatophrys cornuta, C. ornata, C. calcarata and C. aurita

Description

  • This species is also known as Argentine wide-mouthed frog or ornate Pacman frog.
  • Pacman frogs are easy to care for, they can be a good pet choice as they are quite attractive and interesting.
  • However, people who like to have interactive pets may get bored of having  pacman frogs.
  • Considering these frogs can live for 10 years, getting one of these frogs amounts to a long term commitment.

Distribution

  • They are found in Central & South American, Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil.
  • Pacman frogs are are terrestrial in nature.
  • In fact, they are very poor swimmers and care must be taken that they do not drown in their water bowls.

Breeding

  • They are ready to breed when reach 1.5 to 2 year-old. 
  • Semi-dry hibernation.
  • They come from a humid environment so the substrate should be misted daily to help maintain humidity.
  • In addition a shallow bowl of water should be provided. The dish must be fairly shallow.
  • Depending on how humid your tank is, the frog might spend much of its time in its water dish, so providing plants around the dish will help your frog feel secure.
  • The water dish should also be in a warmer part of the cage.
  • Temperature should be kept around 75°F-85°F (23°C-33°C) during the day, dropping to around 78°F (25°C) at night.

Nesting

  • During rainy season.

Size

  • These frogs are quite large.
  • On average, they can reach 4 to 6 inches, and possible reach around 8 inches in length (20 cm), although males tend to be quite a bit smaller than females.
  • They are generally about as wide as they are long, so are quite hefty for a frog.
  • Their appetite matches their size, and they will pretty much eat anything that moves.

Life Span

  • 15 years or more, 10 years in captivity.

Ornate Horned Frog Diet

  • Crickets, worms, fishes or mice.

Habitat

  • Room temperature is good for the frogs as long as they are wet.

Housing

  • Pacman frogs, despite their large size, are not very active and do not need a large cage.
  • A 10 gallon tank is recommended for only a frog because they often try to eat cage mate.
  • A cage top is recommended even though they are not at huge risk for escaping, a cage top can always help in regulate temperature and humidity.